Middle East is a region located in the continent of Asia and Africa. Egypt is the only country of The Middle East that is located in Africa. In antiquity and till our time, the area of the Middle East is well known for the first civilizations. Ancient Egypt, Ancient Mesopotamia, The Babylonian Empire, The Assyrian Empire, and The Persian Empire all originate from this region. Some of the greatest achievements from humanity come from this geographical region. The first forms of writing like cuneiform and hieroglyphs originated from Iraq and Egypt, respectively. Mathematics and law were first developed by the Mesopotamians who lived in Mesopotamia, present day Iraq. The first attempts of metallurgy began in the Middle East as well as domestication of animals and farming.